Wells eventually found herself in Chicago, where she turned her attention to the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition. In the months leading up to the Expo’s opening on May 1, 1893, Wells petitioned its steering committee to include a pavilion showcasing the achievements of African Americans. Her efforts were rebuffed. She also protested the obvious discriminatory hiring practices, which denied many qualified Black applicants well-paying jobs. To appease Wells and her colleagues, social reformer Frederick Douglass (1818–95), journalist Irvine Garland Penn (1867–1930), and Wells’ future husband, lawyer Ferdinand Lee Barnett (1859–1936), the Expo’s managers designated August 25, 1893, as “Colored American Day,” with Douglass as the keynote speaker.